Abstract

The composite Mooshla stock displays clear evidence of variations in style and intensity of strain that are closely related to its internal lithological heterogeneity. Gabbro-diorite, quartz diorite, and tonalite rocks are weakly foliated and characterized by brittle and brittle-ductile small-scale shear zones, whereas leucotonalitic rocks are strongly foliated and transected by numerous wide and extensive ductile shear zones. Increasing degrees of penetrative deformation and marked changes of strain style in the pluton, from the more mafic rocks to the more felsic ones, are interpreted to reflect metamorphism-related rheological contrasts, rather than differences in the physical conditions of deformation. Metamorphism of the stock is characterized by an intensive hydration of the igneous rocks that has greatly enhanced their original heterogeneities. Petrographic, microstructural, and chemical studies show that the least deformed rocks are characterized by abundant albite-oligoclase (65-80%) with a matrix of minor quartz (5-10%) and actinolitic amphibole. The resistant plagioclase laths, although altered and replaced, form a stress-supporting framework that has protected the interstitial weak minerals, such as quartz, chlorite, and biotite, from deformation. However, the least deformed leucotonalites are characterized by low albite (35-45%) and high quartz contents (up to 65%). Extensive metamorphic hydration of these rocks produces quartz and phyllitic minerals that had enhanced significantly the ductility of the leucotonalites. Characterization of the chemical changes and the thermochemical conditions of the fluid, using microstructure and measurement of stable isotopes, indicates that fluid-rock interactions during metamorphism and syntectonic hydrothermal alteration have played an important role in creating the contrasting deformation of the composite granitoid.

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