Major reverse faults associated with the late compressional phase of the 1.1 Ga Midcontinent rift in the western Lake Superior region appear to cut across the rift at the eastern end of the lake and join with reverse faults on the eastern shoreline, defined on the basis of geological and potential field data. The continuation of the faults across eastern Lake Superior is inferred on evidence drawn from nearshore shipborne magnetic surveys together with new interpretations of published bathymetric and GLIMPCE aeromagnetic data. In the Archean Superior Province about 100 km east of Lake Superior, paleomagnetic and petrographic data from the 2.45 Ga Matachewan dyke swarm show that the Kapuskasing Zone, a narrow belt of uplifted crust, can be extended to within 50 km of the Lake Superior shoreline and has bounding reverse faults that are almost continuous with two faults of similar dip and sense of displacement that define the inversion of the Midcontinent rift in the central and western parts of the lake. Since the Kapuskasing Zone is dominantly a Paleoproterozoic (about 1.9 Ga) structure, the continuity suggests that the Lake Superior faults, whose last major activity was during the Grenville Orogen, may represent reactivation of much older faults that were part of an extended Kapuskasing structure. Within the Superior Province to the north and east of Lake Superior, published radiometric data on biotites suggest a series of alternating crustal blocks of varying tectonic stability, separated by northeast-trending faults. The Lake Superior segment of the Midcontinent rift developed within the most unstable block, bounded by the Gravel River fault to the northwest and the Ivanhoe Lake fault (the eastern margin of the Kapuskasing Zone) to the southeast.