Abstract

Granulite-facies xenoliths from Late Jurassic alkaline lamprophyres may represent basement to the Dunnage Zone in north-central Newfoundland (Notre Dame Bay area). At 143 Ma the xenoliths had positive εNd values between 0.9 and 4.7. They give Nd depleted mantle model ages around 700 Ma and have trace element and major element compositions reminiscent of oceanic arc-related intermediate volcanic and sedimentary rocks. Their positive εNd values and associated "young" Nd model ages argue against their representing Grenvillian crust. Similarly, Gander Zone basement to the east produced granitic rocks with strongly negative εNd values unlike those of the xenoliths. Positive εNd values for Avalonian granites indicate that the xenoliths could represent Avalon-type basement; however, there are 100–200 km of Gander and Dunnage zone rocks between the xenoiith locality and the Avalon Zone. Early orogenic volcanic rocks and some late orogenic to postorogenic granitic rocks in the central to northern portion of the Gander Zone have positive εNd values, consistent with extraction from a depleted mantle at the same time as material forming the xenoliths. Similarities between the xenolith chemistry and that of early orogenic (Cambrian) arc-related intermediate volcanic rocks of the Dunnage Zone indicate that the xenoliths and basement in the Notre Dame Bay area are composed of Iapetus Ocean floor relics (volcanic or volcanic-rich sedimentary rocks) stuffed into a collisional suture zone during ocean closure.

You do not currently have access to this article.