Abstract

New and previously published metamorphic data suggest that the Clachnacudainn terrane of the southern Omineca Belt has tectonic affinities with the overlying Selkirk allochthon, rather than the underlying Shuswap metamorphic complex. This interpretation is based on relationships between metamorphic minerals and deformation phases, plutons, and the upper boundary of the terrane, the Standfast Creek fault. Regional kyanite and staurolite zones in the structurally lowest part of the terrane are overlain by a garnet zone that is continuous upward across the Standfast Creek fault into the Selkirk allochthon. This metamorphism is inferred to be Jurassic age based mainly on the continuity of these zones with those of known age in the allochthon. Textural relationships show that metamorphism occurred at different times relative to deformation across the terrane. Thermobarometry and a petrogenetic grid indicate that the terrane attained lower to middle amphibolitc facies conditions. Sillimanite and andalusite zones in the contact aureoles of posttectonic mid-Cretaceous plutons overprint the regional metamorphic zones and the Standfast Creek fault. Comparison of estimated pressures shows that approximately 5–10 km of exhumation occurred between regional and contact metamorphism. These metamorphic data are interpreted to indicate that the Standfast Creek fault had minor displacement after regional metamorphism and negligible displacement after contact metamorphism. Therefore, the fault cannot be an Eocene ductile to ductile–brittle shear zone that appressed or omitted metamorphic isograds and rapidly exhumed the Clachnacudainn terrane in its footwall, as was previously proposed.

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