Abstract

A cross section of the resistivity structure through the Lac Bouchette gabbro–anorthosite provides a new image of the thin-skinned geometry of an allochthonous terrane in the western Grenville Province of Canada. Two-dimensional inversion of high-frequency magnetotelluric soundings and magnetic modelling indicate that the gabbro–anorthosite is a 1.5 km thick slice bounded by conductive thrust faults. Graphite, which is present at the margins of the gabbro–anorthosite and in the metasedimentary Réservoir Cabonga terrane to the south, is the most likely source of the enhanced electrical conductivity in the fault zones. The southern margin of the gabbro–anorthosite dips at about 15° to the south beneath the Réservoir Cabonga terrane. The gabbro–anorthosite can be divided into a highly magnetic gabbroic body in the south, a less magnetic metagabbro in the north, and a thin anorthositic lense in the centre. The combination of closely spaced magnetotelluric soundings and magnetic modelling provides independent constraints for gravity and seismic reflection studies in progress. The geometry of the Lac Bouchette gabbro–anorthosite, revealed by this geophysical study, supports a hypothesis that some gabbro–anorthosites behave as competent blocks adjacent to the major tectonic boundaries of the Grenville Province.

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