During the Pinedale (Late Wisconsinan) glaciation, an outlet glacier from a mountain ice field flowed eastward across the Continental Divide through Marias Pass in northwestern Montana. This outlet glacier was the major source of the Two Medicine glacier, a large piedmont glacier that extended from the mountain front east about 55 km onto the plains. An accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon age of 12 194 ± 145 BP (AA-9530) was obtained from a wood fragment, underlying a Glacier Peak tephra and a Mount Saint Helens set J tephra in a section of lake sediments, near Marias Pass. This radiocarbon age provides a minimum date of deglaciation for the Marias Pass area that is about 800 years older than a previous estimate. Furthermore, the radiocarbon age indicates that the Two Medicine glacier was no longer being supplied by its major source and if it still existed was only as a dying, stagnant ice mass.

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