Abstract

A formline contour map, which depicts the near-surface, structural configuation of the strata underlying St. Georges Bay, northeastern Nova Scotia, was made from bedding attitude data compiled in the coastal areas; apparent dips measured from single-channel seismic reflection data; and true strikes and dips calculated at survey track intersections. The geology interpreted from the formline map is characterized by northeast-striking faults and fold axes. The folds in the bay comprise broad, open synclines and narrow, tightly folded or faulted anticlines. Gravity and deep seismic reflection data suggest that the faulted anticlines are intruded by salt. Correlations from offshore to onshore suggest that the structures mapped offshore in the bay extend onshore. The onshore extensions of the faulted anticlines are mapped as faults, and their antiformal nature is subdued. They are locally associated onshore with Carboniferous Windsor Group outcrop. The offshore extension of the Hollow Fault, which is interpreted as a major northeast-striking, Carboniferous strike-slip fault, was mapped as a 1500–2500 m wide deformation zone, using deep seismic reflection data. Gravity lows coincident with the deformation zone are interpreted as being caused by salt intrusions. The trend of the Hollow Fault Zone suggests that this fault complex (and its associated strike-slip movement) continues on land near Mabou, Cape Breton Island. However, it does not appear to continue offshore along the northwest coast of Cape Breton Island, as previously suggested.

You do not currently have access to this article.