Late Devonian (377–368 Ma, 40Ar/39Ar; 376 Ma, U–Pb) mafic intrusions in the Meguma Zone crop out as dykes, plugs, and synplutonic bodies of gabbro, diorite, or lamprophyre. All of the intrusions have similar lithologie characteristics and hydrous ferromagnesian mineral assemblages, and they appear to represent a genetically related series of mafic bodies with similar petrogenetic histories in the crust of the Meguma Zone. The intrusions show wide chemical variation of SiO2 (45.7–65.7 wt.%), Al2O3 (8.9–26.5 wt.%), MgO (2.8–26.5 wt.%), CaO (1.2–11.2 wt.%), and K2O (0.1–4.4 wt.%), and they have calc-alkaline, high-K calc-alkaline, and shoshonitic characteristics. Large-ion lithophile elements (LILE) are present at variable but high concentrations (e.g., Ba = 62–1920 ppm, Sr = 176–2567 ppm) relative to most high field strength element (HFSE) abundances (e.g., Y = 10–37 ppm, Zr = 8–421 ppm), and light rare-earth elements (LREE) have much higher concentrations than heavy rare-earth elements (HREE) (La/Lu = 24–330). Initial Sr isotopic ratios (0.7044–0.7079) and εNd values (−4.36 to 3.69) are highly variable. Scatter on major oxide variation diagrams probably results from the fractionation of all the major modal phases in the intrusions (olivine, augite, hornblende, and (or) plagioclase), and the cumulate characteristics of some bodies support this suggestion. Nevertheless, parallel patterns for the intrusions on mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) normalized spider diagrams support the notion of similar mafic parent melts, and Sr–Nd isotopic data identify contamination by continental crust in only one of the intrusions. The most primitive picrite contains approximately basaltic HFSE in conjunction with HREE at 5–11CN, perhaps suggesting that the magmas emanated from depleted peridotite or pyroxenite, but high alkalies, LILE (<60MN), and LREE (10–100CN), and elevated initial Sr ratios in all of the intrusions, also require the existence of an enriched source component. Troughs in the spider diagrams at Ta, Nb, and Ti, and Sr–Nd isotopic values comparable with modern island-arc basalts, suggest that fluids derived from subducted ocean lithosphère metasomatized the mantle. Tectono-magmatic discriminators imply a continental margin arc environment rather than an island arc, and the intrusions record either Early Devonian subduction of Iapetus Ocean lithosphère beneath the Avalon terrane, Middle Devonian subduction of Theic Ocean lithosphère beneath the Meguma terrane, or an inherited subduction signature formed during a much older event.