Abstract

Siluro–Devonian granitoids span a wide compositional range (~50–76% SiO2) and can be subdivided into two groups: (i) monzonitic or incompatible element enriched with affinities to within-plate magmatism (WPG); and (ii) calc-alkalic or incompatible element depleted with supra-subduction zone affinities (VAG). Granitoid εNd(T = 0.4 Ga) values range from −1 to +5.5; most lie between +3 and +5.5. 207Pb/204Pb isotopic compositions range from 15.52 to 15.61; most fall between ~15.55 and 15.59. Most δ18O values lie between +5.5 and +8‰. No well-established trends exist between SiO2 and isotopic composition, and isotopic compositions do not differ between the two trace element defined granitoid groups.Though Pb isotopic data are consistent with a major contribution to the granitoids from Proterozoic-aged Laurentian plate rocks (i.e., Grenville basement), Nd and O isotopic data are not. These isotopic data are consistent with major source components derived from early Paleozoic depleted or supra-subduction zone affected mantle and (or) crustal rocks derived from the early Paleozoic mantle(s). These protoliths would not have seen significant interaction with time-integrated old crustal material or surficial processes. Granitoid Pb isotopic data can be reconciled with an early Paleozoic mantle–crust origin, but it may also be that the Pb isotopes are decoupled from other isotopic systems. In either case, Nd and O isotopic data clearly prohibit the involvement of significant amounts of Grenville crust and suggest that seismic-reflection data do not define crustal blocks, or at least not blocks having a tectonic and geologic history easily related to the surface geology.

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