In southern New Brunswick the Kennebecasis Fault follows the northern boundary of a crystalline portion of the late Precambrian – Cambrian Avalon terrane. This low-grade crystalline complex forms the basement to a series of Carboniferous through Triassic basins. This complex also contains a major shear zone relic that is largely flat lying but upturned adjacent to the fault, and that with it defines the Pocologan–Kennebecasis fault zone. The orientation of the main composite foliation (S1) and the included mineral (stretching) lineation (L1) indicate that this geometry is a primary feature of the shear zone, representing a linked pair of horizontal and vertical detachments bounding an allochthonous unit. Kinematic indicators show that this allochthon moved parallel to the strike of the north Appalachian orogen, with top towards the west or west-southwest. The bounding shear zone is not uniform, but consists of a mylonite–phyllonite adjacent to the detachment. The upturned segment of the shear zone has been the site of later, brittle reactivation, one episode of which is represented by the Kennebecasis Fault. The main shear zone relic relates to more fundamental events, such as the accretion of the Avalon terrane.