Abstract

Shear-zone-related gold–quartz veins in granitoid intrusions are commonly intimately associated with mafic dikes, which may have a profound influence on the localization, orientation, and kinematics of auriferous shear zones. The Bourlamaque pluton of the Val-d'Or district contains several economic auriferous shear zones, most of which follow and overprint diorite dikes. Mineralization in all deposits consists of quartz–tourmaline–pyrite veins in reverse- oblique orientation with a significant range of strike, dip, and slip direction. The geometry and kinematics of shear zone and vein array within the pluton is more complex than the simple conjugate pattern predicted for a deforming homogeneous intrusion. The stress tensor determined from the auriferous shear zones within the pluton indicates the same northerly-directed compression recorded by similar shear zones outside the pluton. This indicates that the complex shear zone and vein pattern within the pluton reflects the influence of diorite dikes, which acted as weak layers that were activated during subsequent deformation, showing the importance of layer anisotropy in auriferous shear zone development.The plunges of orebodies bear simple geometric relationships to the slip direction along a host shear zone: these are generally perpendicular to, or in some cases parallel to, the slip direction. Knowledge of the slip directions along activated dikes would therefore allow prediction of the possible plunge(s) of orebodies at early stages of exploration programs. Slip direction along an activated layer is controlled by the orientation of the layer with respect to the stress field and by the relative magnitudes of the three principal stresses. Using techniques developed for analysis of fault slip data, both parameters can be determined, provided there is a sufficient database, and slip direction can be predicted for activated layers of any orientations.

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