Abstract

U–Pb zircon and titanite ages for rocks of the central Uchi Subprovince in northwestern Ontario indicate a late Archean magmatic and tectonic development spanning over 200 Ma. An early period at 2900–2800 Ma formed volcano-plutonic complexes, presumably linked to 3.1–2.8 Ga terrains of the northwestern Superior Province. A later period of southward growth by magmatic and tectonic accretion occurred at 2750–2710 Ma and was concluded by large scale compression and plutonism at 2700 Ma.The oldest 2890–2860 and 2840–2820 Ma components occur in the Pickle Lake and Meen–Dempster greenstone belts and as gneisses in the Seach–Achapi and the Lake St. Joseph batholiths in northern and central sectors of the region. Together with distinct 2750–2740 Ma volcano-plutonic complexes they form a collage assembled by multiple episodes of tectonic juxtaposition and magmatic accretion. Plutons of 2730–2710 Ma age are intrusive into these older, northern domains, whereas their volcanic counterparts compose the Lake St. Joseph and Miminiska – Fort Hope greenstone belts to the south. Late-tectonic to posttectonic granitoid rocks intruded a region extending from the northern Berens River Subprovince to the southern English River Subprovince at 2700 Ma. These plutons were cut by regional scale faults formed by residual north-northwest directed shortening. The timing of this movement seems to be recorded by titanite ages of 2690–2670 Ma. Reactivation of the same faults may account for Proterozoic Pb loss observed in some of the zircon populations. The age patterns are consistent with crustal growth along a continental margin in a north-dipping subduction environment.

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