Abstract

Center III of the Coldwell alkaline complex consists of metaluminous hypersolvus syenites, which in order of intrusion are magnesiohornblende syenite, contaminated ferro-edenite syenite, ferroedenite syenite, and quartz syenite. Contaminated syenites were formed by the assimilation of coeval basaltic volcanic rocks. The suite as a whole is characterized by the presence of a wide variety of amphiboles ranging in composition from magnesiohornblende through ferroedenite and ferrorichterite to arfvedsonite. Pyroxenes are rare and hedenbergite is present in significant amounts only in quartz syenite. Whole-rock major element data indicate that the majority of the syenites do not represent liquid compositions. The syenites have high contents of Nb, Zr, Th, U, Y, and Ga and have the geochemical character of A-type granitoids. Rare earth and other trace element abundances suggest that the quartz syenites cannot be differentiates of the magma that formed the ferroedenite syenites. All syenites are considered to have originated by the extensive fractional crystallization of mantle-derived basalt magma within the plutonic infrastructure of the complex. The syenite suite does not represent the differentiation products of a single batch of magma. Multiple intrusion, contamination, and brecciation of preexisting syenite plutons have resulted in the complex geological relationships characteristic of center III.

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