Abstract

To investigate the effects of location of a seismograph station on the records obtained, P waves from seismograms of Alaskan earthquakes recorded at four Canadian Arctic stations, Coppermine, Mould Bay, Resolute, and Alert have been analyzed spectrally. Differences in spectral amplitude at very low frequencies among the stations and between earthquakes can reasonably be explained by a consideration of earthquake magnitude, epicentral distance, and mechanism. Differences in the shape of the spectral curves between stations result mainly from local crustal structures beneath the station. Increased absorption of waves is observed beneath Resolute. Use of the vertical to radial-horizontal spectral amplitude ratios gives an approximate estimate of the thickness of the crust and surface layer beneath these stations, although some phenomena noted cannot be explained by the theory of signal reverberation in a horizontally layered system with perfect elasticity. This analysis suggests that the crust thins toward the Arctic Ocean: the best estimates of crustal thickness are about 45 km at Coppermine, about 33 km at Resolute, about 23 at Alert, and about 18 km at Mould Bay. The latter depth is the most uncertain. There is a low velocity surface layer with a thickness of several hundred meters at Mould Bay, Resolute, and Alert.

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