Abstract

The Lardeau Group is a heterogeneous assemblage of lower Paleozoic eugeoclinal strata present in the Kootenay Arc in southeastern British Columbia. It is in fault contact with lower Paleozoic miogeoclinal strata for all or some of its length along a structure termed the Lardeau shear zone. The Lardeau Group was deformed prior to mid-Mississippian time, as manifested by layer-parallel faults, folds, and evidence for early greenschist-facies metamorphism. Regional constraints indicate probable Devono-Mississippian timing of orogeny, and possible juxtaposition of the Lardeau Group over miogeoclinal strata along the Lardeau shear zone at this time. Further ductile deformation during the Middle Jurassic Columbian orogeny produced large folds with subhorizontal axes, northwest-striking foliation and faults, and orogen-parallel stretching lineations. This deformation was apparently not everywhere synchronous, and may have continued through Late Jurassic time northeast of Trout Lake. This was followed by Cretaceous(?) dextral strike-slip and normal movement on the Lardeau shear zone and other parallel faults. While apparently the locus of several episodes of faulting, the Lardeau shear zone does not record the accretion of far-travelled tectonic fragments, as sedimentological evidence ties the Lardeau Group and other outboard units to the craton.

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