Abstract

Concordant U–Pb zircon ages on hornblende–plagioclase pegmatites and a related granophyre from marginal and roof zones of the Duke Island ultramafic intrusion, and from leucoquartz diorite internal to hornblende–clinopyroxenite of nearby Mary Island cluster between 108 and 111 Ma. Sm–Nd mineral and bulk-rock data from pegmatite and granophyre zircon samples and from wehrlites and clinopyroxenites of the main Duke Island cumulate sequence are consistent with the consanguinity of the ultramafic cumulates and the zircon-bearing feldspathic rocks, and with an Early Cretaceous igneous age for the intrusion. Wall rocks for the intrusion consist of Ordovician–Silurian amphibolite- and greenschist-grade metamorphosed plutonic, volcanic, and minor sedimentary rocks and crosscutting Late Triassic gabbro–diorite of the Alexander terrane.The Duke Island ultramafic intrusion formed as a northwest-trending elongate funnel-shaped stratiform body commensurate with extensional brittle–ductile faulting in its roof and adjacent wall rocks. Intrusion occurred in a basinal setting within the Gravina volcanic arc along the Cordilleran continental margin. During the latter phases of intrusive activity the Gravina basin began to close by regional thrust faulting, which in the Duke Island region was west-northwest directed. The intrusion may have still had local intercumulate liquid upon initiation of thrust faulting. It responded first by open folding with incipient crystal plasticity. Once completely solidified, the intrusion behaved like a large "augen" with ductile deformation concentrated along its margins and within quartzo-feldspathic and micaceous members of its wall-rock complex. Much of the intrusion's northern margin behaved as a ductile shear zone serving as a tear fault between thrust plates to the northeast and an oblique thrust complex that roots beneath the southwest margin of the intrusion. The intrusion may thus be tectonically transported relative to its original underpinnings. North-trending high-angle faults and parallel fracture cleavage also cut the intrusion in response to axial loading as a result of its initial elongate shape and orientation relative to the thrust kinematics.

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