Abstract

The Point Leamington Formation, as redefined herein, comprises a thick sequence of siliciclastic turbidites containing occasional Upper Ordovician graptolites and lies with the Exploits Subzone of the Dunnage Zone in central Newfoundland. The base of the unit is marked by the first coarse- to medium-grained sandstone, at a level that varies from the Dicranograptus clingani Zone to the Pleurograptus linearis Zone. Several intervals of interbedded black shales and siltstones higher in the formation yield assemblages characteristic of the P. linearis, Dicellograptus complanatus and Dicellograptus anceps zones. Debris-flow breccias occur at several levels within the Point Leamington Formation—some contain graptolitic, black shale clasts derived from the underlying Lawrence Harbour Formation—and range in age from Nemagraptus gracilis Zone to D. clingani Zone. Both the graptolite assemblages and lithostratigraphic succession of the Point Leamington Formation are similar to those of coeval rocks in southern Scotland, confirming a strong relationship between the two areas during the Late Ordovician.

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