Abstract

New data on Upper Triassic rocks in the eastern Coast Mountains show that it is Stikinia, not Wrangellia, that lies along the eastern margin of the Coast Plutonic Complex, at least as far south as latitude 51°N. These rocks constitute the upper Carnian–lower Norian Mt. Moore formation and the upper Norian Mosley formation. Clinopyroxene-phyric basaltic to andesitic breccia with lesser volcanic sandstone and rare carbonate compose the Mt. Moore formation. The Mosley formation comprises mafic volcaniclastic rocks and limestone. Correlation of these formations with Stikinia is based on similarities in age, stratigraphy, lithology, basalt geochemistry, and inferred tectonic setting.Recognition of Upper Triassic arc-related rocks of the Cadwallader terrane east of its previously known extent indicates that the Cadwallader terrane, rather than Stikinia, underlies much of the southern Intermontane Belt. The revised terrane distribution shows that Stikinia lay west of both the Cadwallader and Bridge River terranes prior to Cretaceous and Tertiary faulting. This configuration supports the idea that the Cadwallader and Stikine terranes represent fragments of a single early Mesozoic arc that was accreted during final closure of the Cache Creek – Bridge River ocean in Middle Jurassic time.

You do not currently have access to this article.