Abstract

Structures exposed on Port au Port Peninsula in western Newfoundland record the nature of the Appalachian deformation front, which forms the western boundary of the Humber tectono-stratigraphic zone. The major structures affect the Late Ordovician to Late Silurian Long Point – Clam Bank succession, but not the unconformably overlying Carboniferous rocks; they are probably of Devonian age.At the west coast of the peninsula, Long Point and Clam Bank strata are affected by both east-vergent and west-vergent structures. The basal surface of the succession is interpreted as an east-vergent thrust, forming the upper detachment of a "triangle zone," and correlates with a similarly located contact seen in offshore multichannel seismic profiles. Within the succession, east-vergent deformation zones locally duplicate the stratigraphy. West-vergent structures, including a map-scale overturned fold north of Round Head mountain, are probably younger.Farther south, Middle Ordovician foreland basin sediments are also affected by east-vergent thrusts, which have been variably rotated by west-vergent folds. In the underlying Cambrian–Ordovician platform carbonate succession, east-vergent thrusts duplicate the stratigraphy.These structures are related to telescoping of the carbonate platform and the overlying Humber Arm Allochthon during Devonian westward wedging of the structural triangle zone beneath the Long Point – Clam Bank succession. The platform succession must therefore be allochthonous, and the Humber Arm Allochthon has been transported to the west of its Late Ordovician position.

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