Abstract

Mokowan Butte in southwestern Alberta is capped by 32 m of unconsolidated sediment comprising five tills and their associated paleosols. Previous stratigraphic work has indicated that the older tills are probably Early Pleistocene to late Tertiary in age. Paleomagnetic studies, based on 125 samples, show that the uppermost till–paleosol unit and the modern subsoil are normally magnetized, whereas the till–paleosol units from the middle of the sequence have reversed magnetization. We argue that these belong to the Brunhes and Matuyama polarity zones, respectively. The lowest part of the sequence has not been studied in detail and is generally too coarse for paleomagnetic sampling, and samples that have been obtained contain no accurate record of the paleofield. These new data, together with those from Wellsch Valley in Saskatchewan, Banks Island in the Northwest Territories, Fort Selkirk in the Yukon, and Merritt in British Columbia, bring to five the number of early Quaternary sequences in Canada that have yielded a record of glacial sediments deposited during the Matuyama chron, and hence record glacial events prior to the last reversal of the geomagnetic field (720 ka).

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