The southern boundary of the Quetico metasedimentary subprovince of the Superior Province of the Canadian Shield near Kashabowie, Ontario, is a vertical, east–west feature affected by dextral transpression that had a north-northwest – south-southeast compressional component. A synmetamorphic, locally D1 microfabric and magnetic-susceptibility fabric with an east-directed extension lineation is kinematically compatible with this pattern. It shows the same bedding–cleavage relationship and the same direction of structural facing on D1 in both the Quetico metasediments and the Shebandowan greenstone subprovince on the south side of the Quetico subprovince. In the low-grade rocks of the study area, there is a single phase of penetrative deformation, giving a nearly vertical schistosity at a consistent angle, anticlockwise with respect to the now nearly vertical east–west-striking strata. The absence of penetrative polyphase deformations may be due to the near parallelism of the subprovince boundary with the shear component of dextral transpression. Strain analysis indicates that the minimum shortening of the greywackes is 40% in a north–south direction. It is tentatively suggested that the shortening, the steepening of strata into a vertical position, and some of the S1 fabric development may have occurred prior to the climax of metamorphism and transpression. If this sequence is correct, the strata would have dipped gently to the north prior to the steepening event, with the embryonic schistosity dipping to the west.