Abstract

Detailed structural maps of two granitoid complexes in the Wabigoon Subprovince are used to test three diapir hypotheses advanced in earlier papers. The gneiss masses of, and individual domes within, the complexes fail the test for solid-state diapirism. The gneiss domes also fail the test for tensile bending caused by hypothetical magmatic diapirs in the subsurface. An oval pluton located near the best-exposed gneiss dome proves to be a synformal sheet rather than a funnel-shaped magmatic diapir. This pluton could be a syenite–diorite phacolith emplaced into a concordant zone of dilation during the late upright folding of the gneiss mass about horizontal axes. Earlier tight folds were probably recumbent and south verging and, like the gneissosity, generated in a ductile shear regime with subhorizontal glide planes. These observations have important implications for Archean tectonics, especially the relative horizontal displacement of large greenstone masses (potentially allochthonous greenstone belts).

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