Abstract

In this study, gravity data from 350 new gravity stations are combined with those from 50 previously surveyed stations in a detailed Bouguer anomaly map of a portion of the Quetico and Wawa subprovinces north and west of Thunder Bay, Ontario.In general, high gravity values characterize the southern and southwestern part of the area where metavolcanic rocks of the Wawa subprovince dominate. Much of the Quetico subprovince forms a broad gravitational low, reflecting extensive exposures of gneisses, schists, and migmatites. Well-defined gravity lows are associated with several granitic intrusive bodies.Three- and graphic-dimensional gravity models of subsurface configuration of the density contrasts, representative of major rock units, indicate a trough-like structure for the metavolcanic rocks of the Wawa subprovince. This trough-like structure is flanked by a domical feature in the granitoid rocks to the south. North of the metavolcanic rocks, a succession of low-grade greywackes and slates occupies a basinal structure. These structures form the principal subsurface elements of the Wawa subprovince in this area.The gneisses, schists, and migmatites of the Quetico subprovince form a thick, southward-dipping, wedge-shaped structure that may extend under the structures of the Wawa subprovince. This wedge-shaped structure is underlain by a model unit of greater density representative of mafic gneisses and amphibolites. The denser substratum is modelled with local abrupt changes in dip corresponding in position with the Quetico and Hawkeye Lake faults.

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