Abstract

The Scott Lake volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit lies near the margin of a large, early kinematic granitoid intrusion in the vicinity of Chibougamau, Quebec. The deposit was contact metamorphosed by the intrusion, and subsequently it was metamorphosed to the greenschist facies during the Kenoran Orogeny. Pyrite, magnetite, and sphalerite are the most abundant metallic minerals, and minor amounts of chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite, and loellingite are also present. Both pyrite and magnetite locally occur as porphyroblasts up to several centimetres in diameter. Metamorphic textures developed in the massive sulfide ore appear to have formed during contact metamorphism, and they remained intact through the subsequent regional event. However, silicate minerals (biotite and possibly amphibole) that grew during contact metamorphism were largely retrograded during regional metamorphism. The presence of biotite indicates that contact metamorphism took place at 400°–500 °C. Application of the sphalerite geobarometer gives a pressure of approximately 4.5 kbar (450 MPa), which probably reflects the later regional event.

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