Abstract

The mid-Paleozoic deformation of lower Paleozoic subgreenschist-facies sediments of the Hazen fold belt in northern Ellesmere Island is represented predominantly by chevron-style folding. Folded multilayers display cleavage fans suggesting synchronous fold and cleavage formation. Bedding-parallel slip indicates a flexural slip mechanism of folding. The geometry of several large-scale anticlinoria has been interpreted as being due to formation of these structures over detachments and thrust ramps.The constant fold geometry, the parallel orientation of faults and large- and small-scale folds, and the axial-plane foliation are related to a single phase of folding with a migrating deformation front in the Hazen fold belt during the mid-Paleozoic orogeny. The minimum amount of shortening in the Hazen and Central Ellesmere fold belts has been estimated from surface geology to increase from 40–50% of the original bed length in the external southeastern part to 50–60% in the more internal northwestern part of the belts.The convergent, thin-skinned nature of the Hazen and Central Ellesmere fold belts indicates that the postulated transpressive plate motions during the accretion of Pearya did not affect the study area.

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