Abstract

Llandovery graptolites have been collected from 11 sections in the Cape Phillips Formation of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: Melville, Bathurst, Truro, Cornwallis, Devon, and Ellesmere islands. The Cape Phillips Formation appears to have been deposited in a distinct subbasin, here termed the Cape Phillips Basin, under deep-shelf to shallow-basin conditions intermediate in position between the Arctic Platform to the south and east and the deeper Hazen Trough to the northwest.A total of 170 graptolite species and a further 25 subspecies have been identified. Their stratigraphic distribution allows the recognition of 11 graptolite zones: the acuminatus, atavus, acinaces, cyphus, curtus, convolutus, minor, turriculatus, crispus, griestoniensis, and sakmaricus zones. The curtus Zone can be subdivided into the pectinatus and orbitus subzones. The zones can be correlated with graptolite sequences worldwide.The Canadian Arctic faunas show strong affinities with those of Siberia, China, and the northern Canadian Cordillera. It may be possible to recognize a circum-equatorial faunal province in northern North America, Siberia, and China based on the occurrence of distinctive forms including Agetograptus and "Paramonoclimacis" in the middle Llandovery and certain Cyrtograptus species (especially C. sakmaricus) in the upper Llandovery.

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