Rounded zircons included within igneous zircons from the Uivak I gneisses, northern Labrador, have ages of up to 3863 ± 12 Ma (2σ), showing the (former) existence of rocks that predate the Uivak gneisses by more than 100 Ma. The igneous zircons themselves have experienced varying amounts of early Pb loss, but age estimates based on maximum 207Pb/206Pb from three separate gneiss samples agree to within error at 3732 ± 6 Ma (2σ), which is taken as the age of emplacement of the igneous precursor to the dominant component of the Uivak gneisses. A new generation of zircons was formed during migmatization at ca. 3620 Ma. The volumetrically less important Lister gneiss was emplaced at 3235 ± 8 Ma (2σ). In the late Archaean, different parts of the gneiss complex were subjected to different grades of metamorphic overprinting. The zircon chronology of gneisses affected by granulite facies metamorphism suggests a rapid sequence of events, with simultaneous recrystallization of old zircons and growth of new U-poor zircons at 2766 ± 17 Ma (2σ), followed by partial melting at 2744 ± 4 Ma (2σ), and further recrystallization and growth of U-poor zircons afterwards. No late Archaean zircon growth has been recorded from orthogneisses unaffected by granulite fades metamorphism.