Abstract

Metafelsites in Waterloo area, Quebec, represent the only known silicic volcanic rocks in the predominantly basaltic Tibbit Hill Formation. Low-grade metamorphism accompanied by hydration and albitization has converted the felsic volcanic rocks mainly to muscovite–quartz–albite schists. The volcanic parent of these metafelsites was formed partly as lava flows and partly as tuffs. The principal compositional type was a comendite. A component of intermediate rocks is also present but its extent is undetermined and probably minor. U–Pb zircon studies of the metafelsites have yielded a reliable age of graphic. This Early Cambrian age is probably representative of the age of the Tibbit Hill Formation as a whole.The Tibbit Hill Formation accumulated at one of the clearest examples of a RRR (rift–rift–rift) triple junction–the Sutton Mountains triple junction–of the continental rift system formed as a prelude to the opening of the Iapetus Ocean. Its volcanic rocks are products of the youngest major episode of rift-related volcanism known from the continental margin of Laurentia. The volcanic event may have occurred as a harbinger of the onset of sea-floor spreading at the Sutton Mountains triple junction.

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