Abstract

Siluro-Devonian volcanic rocks of the northwestern mainland Appalachians are found mainly in the Tobique belt of New Brunswick where they consist predominantly of bimodal mafic–felsic suites erupted in a continental-rift environment. The axis of the Tobique rift trends north-northeast – south-southwest, obliquely to the regional northeast–southwest trend of the Appalachians. These geometric relationships are interpreted as being the result of rifting in a sinistral shear regime produced during emplacement of the Avalon terrene. The basaltic rocks are continental tholeiites and transitional basalts derived from a heterogeneous upper-mantle source that was enriched in incompatible elements relative to the primordial mantle. The mantle source was probably affected by the subduction processes.

You do not currently have access to this article.