Abstract

In calc-alkaline orogenic plutons, the dark xenoliths and their host rocks must be considered the expression of partial mixing of magma.Three associations of this type have been investigated and are illustrated by the Bono pluton (northern Sardinia)— a composite pluton including three intrusives of different nature (tonalitic to granodioritic) and containing a very large number of basaltic xenoliths of magmatic origin. Detailed mineralogical analysis of the two end members in each association, coupled with geochemical data, has determined the major petrogenetic mechanisms intervening in the mixing process in a plutonic setting: temperature equilibration, mechanical exchanges of crystals, chemical exchanges, etc. The most important result of this article, however, is to show that each intrusion is related to a specific group of xenoliths that is characterized by constant FeOt/MgO. The latter reflects the different composition of basaltic components, and it is concluded that each intrusive event is associated with a unique mixing episode. As in volcanic settings, the mixing process may have initiated the intrusion.The extreme compositional variations in the magmatic xenoliths, recognized in several series of orogenic plutons, is explained here by different initial basaltic end members and by variation in the intensity of the interaction mechanisms. [Journal Translation]

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