Abstract

The lower Middle Eocene (49.4 ± 2.4 Ma) Kamloops Group is exposed in the middle of the Quesnellia subterrane of Terrane I. The group consists of the siliciclastic Tranquille Beds and the overlying Dewdrop Flats plateau basalts and andesites. Detailed alternating field (AF) and thermal step demagnetization was carried out on 282 specimens from 26 flow sites and one conglomerate site, and saturation isothermal remanent magnetization (SIRM) tests were performed to examine the remanence carriers. The petrology of the gently dipping flows, the presence of antiparallel normal and reverse remanence, the conglomerate test, and the fold test all indicate that a primary remanence has been isolated. It resides in both magnetite and hematite over a broad range of AF coercivities, blocking temperatures, and domain sizes. Its mean direction of 355.0°, 73.4 °(α95 = 6.9°) gives a pole position of 138.4°W, 81.4°N (dp = 11.0°, dm = 12.3°) that is statistically indistinguishable from the 50 Ma reference pole for the North American craton. This indicates that the cratonization of Terrane I was complete by the Middle Eocene after it had undergone ~1300 km of northward translation and ~45 °of clockwise rotation since the mid-Cretaceous.

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