Abstract

The 2.3 km diameter Firesand River complex intrudes Archean volcanics and granites of the Wawa Subprovince in the Superior Province about 8 km east of Wawa, Ontario. It has given differing Middle Proterozoic K–Ar biotite ages of 1018 ± 50 and 1097 Ma. Alternating-field and thermal step demagnetization of specimens from three calcific carbonatite sites, five ferruginous dolomitic carbonatite sites, and one lamprophyre dike site isolated a stable mean direction of 290°, 33 °(α95 = 12°). Isothermal remanent magnetization tests indicate the remanence is held by single-to pseudosingle-domain magnetite and hematite in the carbonatite. The dike remanence is Keweenawan in age, thereby confirming its genetic relationship to the complex, and it gives a positive partial contact test with its host rock, indicating no postintrusive remagnetization. The blocking-temperature spectra indicate that postintrusive uplift has not exceeded about 4 km. The pole position for the complex is 183°E, 27°N (dp = 8°, dm = 13°). This pole lies directly on the well-dated Keweenawan apparent polar wander path, giving an age of 1090 ± 10 Ma, in agreement with the older K–Ar age. It also confirms geologic and aeromagnetic evidence that the complex has not been tectonically tilted since emplacement.

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