Abstract

The Nulliak (supracrustal) assemblage, the remains of ca. 3800 Ma succession of volcanic and sedimentary rocks, was broken up by intrusion of the protoliths of the early Archaean Uivak orthogneisses and then deformed, metamorphosed, and variably metasomatised several times under upper amphibolite to granulite facies conditions in the Archaean. Amphibolites of "komatiitic basalt" and tholeiitic chemical affinity are the most important Nulliak assemblage lithologies. High Al2O3 metagabbroic rocks and anorthosites also occur. Interlayered with the amphibolites are marbles, calc-silicate rocks, and banded iron formation, interpreted as chemical sediments that were probably laid down in a shallow-water environment. Also found are felsic rocks probably derived by reworking of penecontemporaneous felsic volcanic rocks, and garnet- and sillimanite-bearing paragneisses derived from pelites. All these lithologies are randomly interlayered on a scale down to 1 m or less. The occurrence of 3850 – 3900 Ma cores for zircons in the surrounding polyphase Uivak gneisses suggests there may be an ancient sialic component in them, which could possibly represent basement upon which at least part of the Nulliak assemblage formed.

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