Abstract

The Cambrian – Lower Ordovician Saint John Group of the Saint John area, southern New Brunswick, has historically been subdivided into 11 formations. The existing scheme is inappropriate, however, as many of the supposed formations, particularly those of Middle Cambrian–Early Ordovician age, were distinguished on a biostratigraphic rather than lithostratigraphic basis. We suggest the sequence can be more appropriately subdivided into seven formations, each of which can be clearly and easily identified by the field geologist. Lower Cambrian formations comprise, from base to top, the Ratcliffe Brook, Glen Falls, and Hanford Brook formations, all of which are retained from the previous nomenclature. Middle Cambrian strata comprise the Forest Hills Formation (to replace the Fossil Brook and Porter Road formations) and Upper Cambrian strata the King Square Formation (to replace the Hastings Cove and Agnostus Cove formations) and Silver Falls Formation (to replace the Black Shale Brook and Narrows formations). Lower Ordovician strata are referred to as the Reversing Falls Formation (to replace the Navy Island and Suspension Bridge formations). Descriptions of each formation are given, major sections of each are included, and stratigraphic correlation of the sequence in different geographic areas is demonstrated.

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