Abstract

In the Bousquet mining district, metamorphosed volcanic rocks of the Blake River Group (BRG) exhibit discrete strain features resulting from three generations of structures—D1, D2, and D3. Deformation D1 formed an east–west-trending, subvertical, penetrative schistosity that is coplanar with the axial plane of associated folds. This foliation contains a linear fabric plunging steeply westward, and mineral lineations are subparallel to fold axes and to intersection lineations.Defomations D2 and D3 formed a crenulation cleavage and a set of conjugate kink bands, respectively. The cleavage is oriented east–northeast, and the kink bands are oriented northeast–southwest and northwest–southeast. Both deformations distorted earlier-formed structures to a minor extent. A conjugate set of minor strike-slip faults with orientations similar to the kinks are the youngest structures found in BRG rocks.The volcanic sequence is composed of two lithotectonic domains juxtaposed along fault-related contacts. Each domain exhibits distinctive strain features attributed mainly to a broad network of anastomosing faults. This network of faults disrupted strata and destroyed many internal stratigraphic features, especially in domain 2; it relates to late stages of D1.Domain 1, occupying the northern half of the BRG in the mine area, represents a zone of weakly sheared tholeiitic basalts 750 m thick and is overlain by 150 m of felsic volcaniclastic rocks. Primary textures and structures indicate that this domain forms a south-facing homoclinal succession.Domain 2 is characterized by a strongly strained, 500 m wide belt of anastomosing faults adjacent to the southern margin of domain 1. Narrow bands of schist, mylonite, and phyllonite straddle fault zones and surround less-deformed, lozenge-shaped blocks of metamorphosed volcanic and (or) volcaniclastic rocks.The lack of syngenetic structures and textures, together with intense faulting and transposition, restricts stratigraphic correlations throughout the BRG as well as correlations between this volcanic succession and the adjacent sedimentary units. Structural evidence presented here complicates the original stratigraphic scheme commonly applied to volcano-sedimentary assemblages in the Rouyn–Val D'Or area. It is proposed that faulting is responsible for the spatial distribution of lithologies previously interpreted as resulting from folding phenomena in the Bousquet mining district. Gold mineralization is concentrated in bands of deformed rocks in the fault zones of domain 2 at the Bousquet mine.

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