The gold mineralized zones of the Coniaurum mine, Porcupine camp, northeastern Ontario, are on the eastern end of the northeast-trending Hollinger–Mclntyre ore system. The ore zones are quartz–ankerite (plus accessories) veins and vein systems and associated pyritic wall rock, hosted by a sequence of mafic volcanic rocks and discordant quartz–feldspar porphyry stocks of Archean age.A least altered facies and three alteration facies can be distinguished within the mafic volcanic rocks: a chlorite facies, an ankerite facies, and a vein envelope facies. The chlorite facies is widespread, overprints the least altered facies (i.e., chlorite replaces actinolite), and hosts barren and locally mineralized quartz veins bordered by vein envelope facies alteration. The ankerite facies is coextensive with subparallel shear zones, which crosscut me axial trace of the Coniaurum anticline, and hosts most of the mineralized vein systems. Addition mineralization occurs within graphitic sediments in the crest area of the Coniaurum anticline.On the basis of the above relationships, the shear zones, hydrothermal alteration, and mineralization are interpreted to be late (i.e., syn- to post-development of the Coniaurum anticline).The mineral assemblages of the chlorite and ankerite alteration facies are interpreted as resulting from lateral gradients in graphic. Replacement textures between minerals at the alteration facies boundaries indicate the hydrothermal system first grew outwards but later collapsed inwards and the vein envelope facies is superimposed on the more widespread ankerite and chlorite facies.

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