Abstract

The oldest unit of the late Quaternary sedimentary sequence of Lake Superior consists of glacial till that was deposited about 9900 years BP during the last glacial readvance into the Lake Superior basin. The till deposits are unconformably overlain by a thin sequence of bedded sands and silts, which are overlain by a thick sequence of varved sediments (> 10 m in thickness), which in turn are overlain by postglacial silty clays.Unfortunately, 14C has not been found to be a useful tool in dating the late glacial and postglacial sediments of Lake Superior. However, paleodeclination and paleoinclination logs provide a useful method of correlating and indirectly dating cores taken of the late glacial and postglacial sediments. It is concluded from paleomagnetic dating that rhythmic sedimentation ceased before 9200 years BP in the southeastern lake proper and at about 8700 years BP in the southeastern bay areas. However, rhythmic sedimentation continued until about 8200 years BP in the northern part of Lake Superior and until about 8000 years BP in the Nipigon Bay area.

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