Marked facies changes occur in Late Ordovician strata, assigned to the uppermost Vaureal and Ellis Bay formations (Ashgill: Rawtheyan–Hirnantian) on Anticosti Island, Quebec. Western Anticosti features shales and carbonates, whereas outcrops along the eastern coast contain prominent, discontinuous, mixed siliciclastic–carbonate units. Detailed section measurement along the northeast coast allows, for the first time, accurate definition of seven new members within this uninterrupted sequence. Sands present in the upper Vaureal and lower Ellis Bay formations in the east appear to have deterred the growth of muddy-bottom brachiopod communities comparable to those in the western and central regions of Anticosti. Sand units within the upper Vaureal Formation contain 1 m diameter colonies of Paleofavosites; coeval small coral patch reefs are found in the central part of the island, where sands are absent. The uppermost Ellis Bay Formation of northeast Anticosti is marked by a shallow, subtidal, coral–algal oncolite bed or by small (2–4 m across, 1–2 m thick) local coral patch reefs, the tops of which have been used to define the Ordovician – Silurian boundary. No supratidal or intertidal sediments and faunas are evident in the Anticosti succession, suggesting that Late Ordovician sea-level drawdown was insufficient to provide shelf-emergent conditions in this region.