Abstract

Five precise U–Pb zircon (and titanite) ages from different lithologic units of the Shebandowan greenstone belt in the western Wawa Subprovince of the Superior Province put tight constraints on the time of late Archean magmatism and of two major deformation events.A porphyry sill from the older supracrustal sequence has an age of 2733 ± 3 Ma. Another porphyritic rock, a trondhjemite occurring as a clast in a conglomerate of the unconformably overlying Timiskaming-type supracrustal sequence, formed 2704 ± 2 Ma ago and defines a maximum age for the deposition of the Timiskaming-type sequence. An alkalic volcanic rock from this sequence has been directly dated at graphic, in accord with the above constraint and with another probable maximum age of deposition given by the date of 2696 ± 2 Ma for the Shebandowan Lake Pluton. A first deformation event (D1) was related to a predominantly vertical tectonic regime and occurred during or before intrusion of the Shebandowan Lake Pluton at 2696 ± 2 Ma. The second deformation event (D2) was caused by northwesterly-directed compression and occurred after graphic ago, the age of the Timiskaming-type volcanic rocks. A minimum age for the D2 deformation event, which also affected the adjacent Quetico metasedimentary belt and was probably related to the development of major transcurrent fault systems throughout the Superior Province, is provided by an age of graphic for the undeformed, late-kinematic Burchell Lake Pluton.

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