Gravity and magnetic data from the nearshore region of the Avalon Zone of Newfoundland provide evidence of the nature of a sedimentary basin immediately east of the Avalon Peninsula. The data also suggest a strong correlation between the arcuate magnetic patterns of the offshore portion of the Avalon Zone and the Precambrian mafic volcanics mapped onshore. The offshore basin is interpreted to have been formed by Precambrian block faulting and subsequently filled by sediments derived from surrounding paleotopographic highs. Two-dimensional gravity and magnetic modelling results suggest the presence of mafic material beneath the modelled 9+ km of sediment in the basin.

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