The two Archaean greenstone belts (Bandas and Bogoin) in the Central African Republic (Equatorial Africa) are 250 and 150 km long. The metavolcanic rocks in the belts are predominantly komatiitic and tholeiitic basalts. Komatiites include both Al-depleted and Al-undepleted types. The komatiites and light-REE-depleted tholeiites were probably derived from a similar upper mantle source. However, the tholeiitic basalts enriched in light REE from the upper volcanic strata of the Bandas belt were generated from a different source. The dolerites from Proterozoic dyke swarms and sills differ from the basalts mainly in their abundances and ratios of several incompatible elements such as K, Rb, Th, and light REE. They were derived from a distinct, incompatible-element-enriched upper mantle source.The average background gold levels in the Bandas belt and dolerite dyke swarms are comparable to those in equivalent rocks from North America. The exception is the Bogoin greenstone belt, which has anomalously high gold abundances.