Abstract

The Trans-Labrador batholith, Groswater Bay Terrane, and Lake Melville Terrane are three major crustal segments located adjacent to or within the Grenville Province in eastern Labrador. Each crustal segment is a distinct lithotectonic entity displaying contrasts with each other in proportions of rock types, structural style, and metamorphic imprint. Together they indicate a unilateral polarity to the region, partly reflecting Grenvillian tectonism, which sliced the region into thrust-bound blocks.In all three crustal segments, an Archean or Aphebian gneissic basement is inferred onto or adjacent to which ca. 1900–1700 Ma supracrustal rocks were deposited. Deformation, metamorphism, and granitoid pluton emplacement were partly coeval with and partly postdated the supracrustal assemblages. In the north, tectonothermal effects can be assigned to Hudsonian–Ketilidian orogenesis but their peak was 50–100 Ma later farther south. Post-tectonic granitoid plutons and layered mafic intrusions were emplaced at about 1650–1600 Ma, and further pulses of mafic intrusion occurred prior to the Grenvillian Orogeny.Comparison with the Sveconorwegian Orogenic Belt in southern Sweden shows remarkable similarities in lithologies, geological histories, and structural style. The Småland–Värmland granitoid belt, Eastern Pregothian mega-unit, and Western Pregothian mega-unit are interpreted here to be the Scandinavian counterparts of the Trans-Labrador batholith, Groswater Bay Terrane, and Lake Melville Terrane, respectively. This correlation is taken to indicate that both regions were part of the same tectonic margin during Middle Proterozoic times.The implication of this correlation is that the opening and closing of the lapetus Ocean resulted in a 2000 km sinistral "offset" of the Grenvillian–Sveconorwegian Front and other Precambrian features on either side of the Caledonides suture.

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