Quartzofeldspathic gneisses near zinc–lead–gold mineral deposits at Montauban-les-Mines, Quebec, have been examined geochemically to determine whether their protoliths were dominantly sedimentary or igneous. The gneisses are generally similar in average compositions to both rhyolitic rocks and sandstones (greywackes in particular). The most useful methods of protolith discrimination were found to be: (1) log (SiO2/Al2O3) versus log [(CaO + Na2O)/K2O]; (2) Niggli si versus mg; (3) normative quartz; (4) Shaw's discriminant function. Application of these criteria indicates that the Montauban quartzo-feldspathic gneisses were derived dominantly from quartzose sandstone or greywacke protoliths (or both).

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