Abstract

Tertiary rocks in the Gang Ranch – Big Bar area, south-central British Columbia, consist of (1) Early or Middle Eocene (50 Ma) lavas, breccias, and tuffs capped by a mappable unit of conglomerate and clays, totalling 1600 m in thickness; (2) Early Miocene basalt and obsidian, only locally present on high summits; (3) Mid-Miocene gravels and tuffs estimated to be up to 300 m thick; and (4) Pliocene "plateau basalts" up to 130 m thick, locally underlain by fluvial and lacustrine sediments. A rich, probably subtropical, palynoassemblage supports the correlation of the first unit with the Kamloops Group of south-central British Columbia, and the palynomorphs from unit (3) indicate equivalence with the Fraser Bend Formation of the Quesnel area.The northwest-trending Fraser Fault transects the area. Eocene and underlying mid-Cretaceous beds are confined to the west side of the fault; Triassic metasediments and metavolcanic rocks form the east wall. The west side of the fault has been structurally lowered by at least 1.6 km in Eocene and(?) later time. Some 70 km of dextral displacement since mid-Cretaceous time is suggested but is not unequivocally demanded. Major movement has occurred since and possibly during deposition of the Eocene beds. Pliocene beds overlying the fault and Mid-Miocene beds adjacent to the fault trace are apparently undisturbed.Pliocene drainage appears to have been northward. Slight northerly tilting has occurred since, but notwithstanding this the southward-flowing Fraser River has become established here. Glacial diversion of an earlier drainage pattern is suspected.

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