Abstract

Refraction data were recorded from three shot points out to a maximum distance of ~330 km as part of the 1980 Vancouver Island Seismic Project (VISP80). These vertical component data are partially reversed and so can be interpreted in terms of two-dimensional structures by iterative modeling of P-wave travel times and amplitudes. The structure of the upper crust is the best constrained part of the model. It consists, generally, of a gradually increasing velocity from ~5.3 km/s at the surface to ~6.4 km/s at 2 km depth to ~6.75 km/s at 15.5 km depth, where the velocity increases sharply to ~7 km/s. Below ~20 km depth, the model becomes speculative because the data provide only indirect constraints on velocities at these depths. An interpretation that fits the observed times and amplitudes has a low velocity zone in the lower crust and a Moho at 37 km depth. The only significant departure from this general structure is beneath the central part of Vancouver Island where the 15.5 km boundary in the model attains a depth of ~23 km, below which there appears to be a local high velocity anomaly.

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