Abstract

The Wabana and Bell Island Groups of the Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland contain oolitic hematite beds of Early Ordovician age, dipping ~11° north-northwest. Twenty-one oolitic hematite samples from nine sites were thermally demagnetized in 10 or 11 steps to 660 or 680 °C. At 450 °C, 15 samples from six sites define a stable magnetization direction (D = 21.2°, I = −12.5°, k = 137, α95 = 5.7°) with respect to bedding. The remaining six samples failed to attain the stable end-point, five of them because of growth of much "magnetite," which probably resulted from breakdown of siderite during thermal demagnetization.The paleopole for the Wabana – Bell Island Groups lies at 33°N 102°E (dm = 5.8°, dp = 3.0°). It is compared with other early Paleozoic paleopoles from cratonic North America and the Avalon zone, and its significance for the Iapetus Ocean is discussed.

You do not currently have access to this article.