The central Pelly Mountains in southeastern Yukon Territory consist of imbricate thrust sheets, which have undergone syn- and post-thrusting deformation and metamorphism. The local geology is further complicated by the intrusion of Late Cretaceous batholiths, and by strike-slip faulting related to the Tintina Fault, a major northwest-trending transcurrent fault of latest Cretaceous or early Tertiary age. This faulting disrupts the northeast edge of the study area.Upper Devonian and Mississippian strata are present in at least two of the structural packages, but the Mississippian metavolcanic rocks occur only in the lowermost package. Rb–Sr geochronology indicates a mid-Mississippian age for the igneous suite. The volcanic rocks consist of volcaniclastic material with minor interbedded flows, and were deposited in a submarine environment. Several coeval and cogenetic syenite and trachyte domes and small stocks are the remains of vent areas. Although the volcanic rocks are all highly altered and show evidence of widespread chemical mobility, trace element data indicate that the rocks are metaluminous trachytes, most closely resembling peralkaline volcanics generated in extensional environments. This suggestion of a predominantly extensional tectonic setting in mid-Mississippian time in the Pelly Mountains is consistent with recent tectonic syntheses for the area.