Abstract

Twenty-three lead isotope analyses are reported for massive sulfide deposits, the main copper–gold shear zone deposits in anorthosite of the Doré Lake complex, and two gold deposits, all in Archean terrane, in the Chibougamau district. Five analyses were also obtained for lead occurrences in Proterozoic carbonate sediments in the Mistassini Basin.Galenas from the Coniagas and Lemoine deposits of volcanogenic massive sulfide type, from the Taché Lake deposit of possibly the same type, from the Norbeau and Ayrhart gold properties, and one from within the Opemiska mine, have Archean compositions. Of these, the Lemoine, Norbeau, and Opemiska mine galenas are slightly younger than the others or were contaminated during later deformation and (or) metamorphism.Analyses for the main Cu–Au deposits generally form a cluster, although the spread in 206Pb/204Pb ratios is significant and three analyses for the Copper Rand deposit, in particular, are distinct from data for the other deposits. One interpretation is that the data, in combination with the Archean analyses, define a secondary isochron reflecting a primary age of Archean deposits and rocks at 2735–2800 Ma and a secondary event, including genesis of the Cu–Au ores, at 2240–2160 Ma. Additional evidence for a metamorphic–plutonic(?) event at about 2200 Ma has been provided by previous paleomagnetic studies. One galena from the Opemiska deposit appears to have had uranogenic lead added at 1735–2075 Ma. Three analyses of galena from the Campbell (Merrill) pit are anomalous or indicate they were formed at 162–300 Ma, and it is suggested they may have resulted from multiple episodic additions of ambient rock lead to galena originally deposited at about 2200 Ma.Two new analyses, together with four older values, for Mistassini Basin lead occurrences define a possible secondary isochron that may indicate an integrated source age of 2655 or 2940 Ma at mineralization ages of 2100 and 1700 Ma, respectively. This secondary isochron is very poorly defined because three other new analyses plot above the line.This study suggests that further geochronological investigation of the Cu–Au orebodies, and of felsic dykes that occur in many cases in close spatial association with them, should be undertaken.

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