In well exposed, well developed greenstone belts of the Superior Province there is a clear progression from stratigraphically lower, geochemically primitive volcanic rock types (komatiites, tholeiites) to overlying geochemically evolved calc-alkaline volcanic rock types. In the western Blake River Group of the Abitibi Greenstone Belt the change from tholeiitic to calc-alkaline volcanics represents a geochemical discontinuity defined by an increase in incompatible elements and light/heavy rare-earth element fractionation in the overlying rocks. Quantitative modelling of the parameters of the discontinuity indicates that it can be explained by a change to very small amounts of melting of unmodified mantle lherzolite, although this is not a unique solution. In calc-alkaline suites showing high degrees of rare-earth element fractionation the calculated melt fraction required of unmodified mantle becomes unrealistically low and models involving a geochemically evolved source may have to be considered.

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