Abstract

The Cow Head Group in western Newfoundland includes a record of continuous graptolite evolution across the Cambrian–Ordovician boundary. In sections at Broom Point, interbedded breccias contain blocks with rich platform trilobite faunas which give a complete succession of North American zones. The stratigraphic relationship between graptolites and trilobites clearly establishes that the base of the type Tremadoc Series lies above that of the Missisquoia Zone. The sequence of earliest planktonic graptolites is the most complete known and serves to remove objections to the selection of Dictyonema flabelliforme, or one of its subspecies, as an index for the base of the Ordovician System.

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